Learning Center Articles

What is an endotoxin?

Different from exotoxins, endotoxins are toxic substances bound to the bacterial cell wall that are released when the bacterium ruptures or disintegrates (as often happens in successful detox efforts). Endotoxins are comprised of lipopolysaccharide complexes (which protect bacteria from foreign chemicals) and lipoprotein (fat+protein) complexes. The protein component determines its foreign (antigenic) nature and the polysaccharide component determines the antibody type that can react with the endotoxin molecule to produce an immune reaction.